The GN scenarios were calculated in 2021. We examine different paths for Germany with the goal of becoming greenhouse gas neutral by 2050. Even though the targets have become more ambitious in the meantime, many insights can be gained from comparing the total of 9 scenarios calculated in high resolution. A special feature of this study is the integrated consideration of electricity and gas grids, as well as the full European resolution on the supply side.
We hope you enjoy exploring these paths!
FORECAST-Industry is a bottom-up energy demand model. It maps the technology structure of industry and calculates energy consumption and emissions as well as costs at the process level. Input data for the modelling are overarching activity variables such as economic performance per sector, energy and CO2 prices, assumptions on instruments, structural data such as energy and GHG balances as well as techno-economic data of the mapped technologies. For parameterisation, statistical data, empirical studies, literature and expert estimates are used, which form the data basis of the model. FORECAST-Industry is structured hierarchically and divides industry into individual economic sectors or subsectors on the basis of energy balances. These are assigned processes that are described by a specific energy consumption and an activity variable. Furthermore, technology areas such as electric motors, industrial furnaces, space heating and steam generation are modelled separately.
Source and further information can be found here.
The calculations for the G45 scenarios have started. With our models, which have been improved once again, we are investigating how Germany can become greenhouse gas neutral by 2045, taking into account current political goals.